||3-MI = 171 - 5.2 * ln (PgmVolume) - 0.23 * ExtCycComp - 16.2 * ln (LOC), where PgmVolume is Program Volume, ExtCycComp is
Extended Cyclomatic Complexity, and LOC is Lines of Code.
||Binary Decisions divided by the number of statements.
||Number of asynchronous calls, such as Cobol INITIATE statements.
||Number of branching conditions in the flow graph with two possible outcomes. Includes statements with implicit condition evaluation
(loops, AT END, and so on): IF, IF DB-EXCEPTION, EVALUATE (number of WHEN except WHEN OTHER), PERFORM…TIMES, PERFORM…UNTIL,
PERFORM…VARYING, PERFORM…VARYING…AFTER (number of AFTER phrases + 1), statements with ON/NOT ON, AT END/NOT AT END, INVALID/NOT
INVALID (one decision per statement), GOTO…DEPENDING ON (number of alternatives), SEARCH (number of WHEN, AT END).
||Number of statements performing arithmetic calculations: ADD, SUBTRACT, DIVIDE, MULTIPLY, COMPUTE.
||Binary Decisions, plus Unique Operands in Conditions.
||Number of branching statements with nested statements executed under certain conditions, not including conditional GOTOs.
IF, IF DB-EXCEPTION, EVALUATE, SEARCH, PERFORM…UNTIL, PERFORM…VARYING…UNTIL, statements with ON/NOT ON, AT END/NOT AT END,
||v(G) = e - n + 2, where v(G) is the cyclomatic complexity of the flow graph (G) for the program in question, e is the number
of edges in G, and n is the number of nodes. Quantity of decision logic. The number of linearly independent paths (minimum
number of paths to be tested). v(G) = DE + 1, where DE is the number of binary decisions made in the program.
||Number of declared data items (elementary structures and their fields).
|Dead Data Elements
||Number of dead data elements in programs and used include files. Dead data elements are unused structures at any data level,
all of whose parents and children are unused.
|Dead Data Elements from Includes
||Number of dead data elements in include files. Dead data elements are unused structures at any data level, all of whose parents
and children are unused.
||Number of dead lines in programs and used include files. Dead lines are source lines containing Dead Data Elements or Dead
Statements. Also, source lines containing dead constructs.
|Dead Lines from Includes
||Number of dead lines in include files. Dead lines are source lines containing Dead Data Elements from Includes or Dead Statements
from Includes. Also, source lines containing dead constructs.
||Number of dead statements in programs and used include files. A dead statement is a procedural statement that can never be
reached during program execution.
|Dead Statements from Includes
||Number of dead statements in include files. A dead statement is a procedural statement that can never be reached during program
||D = (n1 / 2) * (N2 / n2), where n1 is Unique Operators, N2 is Operands, and n2 is Unique Operands.
||Number of program entry points: PROCEDURE DIVISION, ENTRY.
||B = E**(2/3) / 3000, where E is Programming Effort.
||Quantity of unstructured logic (a loop with an exiting GOTO statement, for example). v(G) for reduced graph without D-structured
||All Procedure Division statements, plus CONTINUE and NEXT STATEMENT.
|Extended Cyclomatic Complexity
||Cyclomatic Complexity, plus Logical Operators in Conditions. Number of all paths in the program.
||Lines of Code divided by K, where K depends on the language: COBOL=77, Natural=52, PL/I=67. Estimate of the number of end-user
business functions implemented by the program.
||Number of GOTO statements, including conditional GOTOs.
|Inner Call Statements
||Number of statements that invoke Inner Procedures: PERFORM procedure-name.
||Number of structured pieces of code that cannot be invoked from external programs: COBOL paragraphs (including nameless).
||I = L * V, where L is Program Level and V is Program Volume. Complexity of a given algorithm independent of the language used
to express the algorithm.
||Number of statements performing input/output operations: OPEN, CLOSE, READ, WRITE, REWRITE, DELETE, START, SORT, MERGE, RETURN,
RELEASE, ACCEPT, DISPLAY, STOP literal.
SQL: INSERT, FETCH, SELECT, UPDATE, DELETE, EXECUTE.
CICS: CONVERSE, SEND, SEND MAP, SEND TEXT, RECEIVE, RECEIVE MAP, RECEIVE TEXT, READQ, WRITEQ, DELETEQ, READ, READNEXT, READPREV,
WRITE, REWRITE, DELETE.
IDMS: ERASE, OBTAIN, GET, MODIFY, STORE.
Fujitsu AIM/DB: ERASE, GET, MODIFY, STORE.
|Lines of Code
||Number of lines of code, plus the number of lines of code in included files and any files they include. Comments and blank
lines are not counted.
||Number of CICS LINK statements.
|Logical Operators in Conditions
||Number of binary logical operators used in conditions: AND, OR.
||Number of repetitively executing statements: PERFORM…TIMES, PERFORM…UNTIL, PERFORM…VARYING PERFORM…VARYING…AFTER (# of AFTER
||MI = 171 - 5.2 * ln (PgmVolume) - 0.23 * ExtCycComp - 16.2 * ln (LOC) + 50 * sin (sqrt (2.46 * CommentLines/SourceLines)),
where PgmVolume is Program Volume, ExtCycComp is Extended Cyclomatic Complexity, LOC is Lines of Code, CommentLines is Comment
Lines, and SourceLines is Source Lines.
||Maximum nesting of conditional statements within conditional statements (0 if no conditional statements, 1 if no nesting).
||Number of non-returning calls, such as COBOL XCTL statements.
||Number of operand occurrences (N2). Operands are variables and literals used in operators. Compare Unique Operands.
||Number of operator occurrences (N1). Operators are executable statements and unary and binary operations: +, -, *, /, **,
NOT, AND, OR, <, <=, >, >=, =, IS, (subscript), (reference:modification), FUNCTION. Compare Unique Operators.
||Number of COBOL Procedure Division USING...RETURNING parameters.
||Number of data elements declared as pointers. Data items with USAGE IS POINTER, PROCEDURE-POINTER.
||N = N1 + N2, where N1 is Operators and N2 is Operands.
||L = 1 / D, where D is Difficulty.
||V = N * log2(n), where N is Program Length and n is Vocabulary. Minimum number of bits required to code the program.
||E = V / L, where V is Program Volume and L is Program Level. Estimated mental effort required to develop the program.
||T = E / 18, where E is the Programming Effort and 18 is Stroud’s Number. Estimated amount of time required to implement the
algorithm, in seconds.
|Response for Class
||Response for class.
||Number of distinct operands (n2). Operands are variables and literals used in operators. Uniqueness of literals is determined
by their notation. Compare Operands.
|Unique Operands in Conditions
||Number of distinct operands used in conditions.
||Number of distinct operators (n1). Operators are executable statements and unary and binary operations: +, -, *, /, **, NOT,
AND, OR, <, <=, >, >=, =, IS, (subscript), (reference:modification), FUNCTION. Compare Operators.
||n = n1 + n2, where n1 is the number of Unique Operators and n2 is the number of Unique Operands.