Transaction Error Handling

Error codes associated with transaction management are stored in a special register called TRANSACTION-STATUS. These codes tell you the status of the last transaction and are documented in Appendix E.4. Transaction management errors fall into two categories:

  1. For errors that occur during a START TRANSACTION, COMMIT, ROLLBACK, or call to C$RECOVER, use TRANSACTION-STATUS to determine the type of error that occurred. See Recovery for more information.
  2. After the execution of any file operation during a transaction, the file's FILE-STATUS variable will contain 9E if an error occurred in the transaction system. The exact nature of the error will be shown by the contents of TRANSACTION-STATUS.

    A subcategory of these errors are intermediate runtime errors that call installed error procedures. They are:

    • File error #
    • File error # on #
    • Transaction error #
    • Transaction error # on #

    where the # signs are replaced at run time by error names, numbers, or other information. See Appendix I. Library Routines for detailed discussion of the error and exit procedures.

The TRANSACTION-STATUS variable has the same format as a file's status variable. It is automatically created by the compiler, and is implicitly shared by all programs of a run unit. TRANSACTION-STATUS is a reserved word.

You can specify procedures for transaction error handling with the USE statement and the reserved word TRANSACTION. The syntax is:

                   {ERROR    }

If TRANSACTION is specified, the procedure executes when an error occurs during a START TRANSACTION, COMMIT, ROLLBACK, or call to C$RECOVER.

A transaction error 10 is returned by a START TRANSACTION statement when the LOG-FILE configuration variable (that specifies the default log file) is undefined. The COBOL program may choose to ignore this error in the cases where the filename-LOG variables are used.