Use this configuration to enable users to authenticate with X.509 client certificates, and then automatically connect to a host session. Optionally, you can specify settings to fall back to LDAP authentication if certificate-based authentication fails.
See X.509 Certificates - Setup Requirements to be sure the requirements for this authentication scheme are met.
LDAP options for authentication
Fallback to LDAP authentication
Use this option to prompt the user for LDAP credentials when certificate-based authentication fails.
Validate LDAP User Account
Account validation is always enabled and causes authentication to fail when an LDAP search fails to resolve a Distinguished Name (DN) for the name value obtained from the user’s certificate. If you are using Microsoft Active Directory as your LDAP server type, additional validation is performed. User authentication will fail when the user’s Active Directory account is either disabled or expired.
Distinguished Name Resolution Order
The values in this property can be re-ordered, added, or removed. Items are listed in order of preference. For example, to locate the User Principal Name of the certificate before checking other
UPN Attribute Name
This property is used only when
upnis present in the Distinguished Name Resolution Order field; otherwise this property is ignored. The User Principal Name (UPN) is an Internet -style login name and generally takes the form
The UPN value is retrieved from the Subject Alternative Name field in the user’s certificate. The Administrative Server then performs a search for an LDAP user object, based on the UPN attribute name and value, to validate that the user object exists in the LDAP database. The LDAP search filter takes the form of (
upn-attribute-name=upn-value-from-certificate). For example:
Enter the name of the LDAP attribute used in the LDAP directory where the UPN-style name is stored. If the LDAP Server type is Microsoft Active Directory, use the default UPN attribute name:
userPrincipalName. Other LDAP implementations may use a different attribute name, such as email or a custom name.
Login Timeout (optional)
This setting logs the date and time of the user's logon to the specified LDAP attribute.
Enter any available single value LDAP attribute, such as
wWWHome(if using Microsoft Active Directory), or enter a custom single value LDAP attribute created by the LDAP administrator.
Custom Message when Authentication Fails (optional)
When authentication fails, the user sees the default message, "The attempt to authenticate using a certificate or smart card has failed."
You can append the general message with customized text. To do so, use
\nto begin a new line. For example, to add a Help Desk number, enter
\n For further assistance:\n 1. Click OK to log on with User name and Password.\n 2. Call the Help Desk at 411-555-1212.
Custom PIN Prompt (optional)
Use this field to add custom text to the Enter PIN dialog prompt. For example,
Enter your smart card PIN.
Allowed source of certificates for Reflection for the Web clients
Applies to: Reflection for the Web
Select Hard certificates to use smart cards as an alternative to permanently installing client certificates on local hard drives. This option simplifies user authentication and prevents the unauthorized capture of passwords over networks. For more information, see Smart card settings.
Select Soft certificates to use certificates stored on the client’s computer for X.509 authentication. The user's certificate must be included in a keystore named
The admin must copy
usercert.pfxto the preference files directory on a client workstation, typically in
When soft certificates are enabled, X.509 authentication proceeds as follows:
The browser on the client is used to browse to the Administrative Server
During X.509 authentication, the launcher checks for the
usercert.pfxfile before checking for a smart card.
usercert.pfxfile is found in the preference files location on the client, either
X.509 authentication completes and the user’s list of session links displays
– or –
an Enter Passphrase dialog box opens, if required for
usercert.pfx. Once the user enters the correct passphrase, X.509 authentication completes and the list of session links displays.
Certificate Revocation Checking
Changes to the certificate revocation checking settings below do not take effect until the server is restarted.
If you enable both OCSP and CRL checking, then OCSP will always be tried first. If the revocation status cannot be determined using OCSP, the validation will fall back to using CRL.
Enable Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP)
The Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) is an Internet protocol used for obtaining the revocation status of an X.509 digital certificate.
Use this option to specify Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) settings that verify the TLS client certificate chain. OCSP is an alternative to Certificate Revocation Lists (CRLs), and is often implemented in a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI).
An OCSP server, also called a responder, may return a signed response signifying that the certificate specified in the request is good, revoked, or unknown. If it cannot process the request, it may return an error code.
When you check the Enable Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) box, the OCSP responder's signing certificate is checked using the same settings as the rest of the certificate validation.
Use Authority Information Access (AIA) Extension
The Authority Information Access (AIA) extension indicates how to access Certificate Authority information and services for the issuer of the certificate in which the extension appears. When enabled, the OCSP server URL specified in the Authority Information Access extension of a certificate is used to check the certificate revocation status using the Online Certificate Status Protocol.
Additional OCSP Responders
In addition to the URLs from the AIA extension, you can specify the URLs (separated by a space) of other OCSP responders.
If you clear the Use AIA Extension check box, or if the certificate does not contain an AIA extension, only the URLs in this text box will be used. HTTP URLs are supported.
Enable Certificate Revocation List (CRL)
Use this option when the revocation status cannot be determined using OCSP.
Check the Enable Certificate Revocation List (CRL) box and enter the URLs of Certificate Revocation List issuers to be used for certificate verification. These are the URLs that your Security Proxy server is set to use when checking the user's client certificate. Enter each URL, separated by a space. LDAP and HTTP URLs are supported.
Use CRL Distribution Point (CRLDP) Extension
The CRL Distribution Point (CRLDP) extension indicates how to access Certificate Authority information and services for the issuer of the certificate in which the extension appears. When enabled, the CLR server URL (specified in the CRLDP extension of a certificate) is used to retrieve the Certificate Revocation List.
Additional CRL Issuers
In addition to the URLs from the CRLDP extension, you can specify the URLs (separated by a space) of other CRL issuers. If you clear the Use CRL Distribution Point checkbox, or if the certificate does not contain a CRLDP extension, only the URLs in this text box will be used.